Ujung genteng’s located 70 kilometer to the south of Sukabumi. Or if we started off from Jakarta, we would have to go on a 250 kilometers journey. It would be a 6 hours journey by land because we have to pass through several small towns like Cicurug and Cibadak which were famous for its quite dense population. After that, we will came across winding roads with beautiful scenery on the side of the road. Ujung Genteng are on the west coast of West Java. One of the well-known beaches here is Pengumbahan Beach, located in Ujung Genteng. This white sandy beach is a favourite place for the Green Turtle to lay their eggs. The beach covers more than 110 hectare (hectare n. metric unit of square measure, 100 ares (2.471 acres or 10,000 square meters).
The beauty of Ujung Genteng beach is not limited to its cleanness and unschated ground, we can also enjoy the view of sunset and sunrise. We can have quality time with families with rest assuring feeling because the wave is not so strong due to natural barier formed out of sea rocks.
This beach is a favourite spot for the Green Turtle—its Latin name is Chelonia Mydas—to lay their eggs. During lay season between Augusts to March, these turtles can lay eggs up to 3-4 times. Due to its location which is near the main street, the beach are full with tourists during this time of the year. They all come to see the turtles lay their eggs in natural habitat.
Pangumbahan, is one of unique tourism object at this location. Watch the sea turtle lays their eggs at the beach at night time. This must be a unique even for some person an not all coastal has it. The turtle which lying eggs at this area is green turtle which is live at the sea-water. Green turtle can grow until reaching more than 1 meter long, more than 200 kg in weight and life more than 100 years. Before turtle starts to lay their eggs we suggest to generate any light because this make the turtle refuse to lay eggs and back again to the sea. After egg starts to release then we can be near and observes it by using flash light. If the turtle already started to release its egg, it won’t stop until finished and numbers of eggs released from a green turtle are more than 200.
Cipanarikan Estuary is also one of interesting place to visit at ujung genteng. This estuary is the meeting point of Cipanarikan River with the ocean. Cipanarikan River forms a path before meet the ocean, so that is formed extent of sand that is wide enough with form of real smooth sand, very compatible as playground sand for children. At this estuary we can found many animals like crab, teal, iguana and estuary fishes. When we trace the beach, there are also many decorative fishes typical of variegation of sea-water fish swimming freely in between rock.
Ombak Tujuh, located around 15 Km from pangumbahan are able to reach on foot for about 3-4 hours walk. This is the favorite location for foreigner to surf. Ombak Tujuh is named after heavy wave which comes seven times within a period. Around this location, we can found some isle, with the natural rocky beach. If you want to go there, you can hire a motorbike, but when the rainy season comes, it only can be reached by foot.
Cibuaya, a perfect location for bathing and swimming because the beach has many depth varying, from half meter to six meter. It also has beautiful shore. The location is well suited to enjoy evening sunset. It also has clean seawater. When fishing season came, cibuaya is ideal place to fish kakap or krapoe.
If you want to see when the turtles lay their eggs, then you should come during the night. Local villagers will help you as they were assigned to taken care of these turtles’ existence. We will walk along side of the beach trailing down the turtles’ foot prints using a torch. If we are lucky, we can see a turtle slowly walking towards its nest and then lay eggs. Turtles are a very selective when it comes to finding place for them to lay eggs. If they encounter any trash or branches during a dig, then they will stop and move somewhere else. Their eggs have the size of a ping pong ball and loaded with proteins. Therefore many people try to take them by force. Some people capture them to eat their flesh; whilesome people did it for their beautiful and expensive shells.
Turtles laid 100-200 eggs each time. And out 1000 eggs, only 2-5 turtles able to reach its maturity and comes back to lay eggs. It’s an irony for so many people hunt these turtles for money. Their eggs alone are worth 2000-3000 rupiahs each. Others died because they were caught in fishermen’s net or get eaten by their natural predators.
In order to maintain these turtles population in Ujung Genteng, Sukabumi, the regional government has revised regulations concerning taxes for swallow bird, turtle eggs, etc. And so trading of turtles eggs are highly restricted. It seems obvious that to make these turtles conservation works, local resources must be empowered not only to conserve, but also to develop other potentials such as tourism